Painless Surgery Definitions
Conventional Dental Implant Surgery: This is surgery that is performed with a surgical knife or Scalpel. An incision is made (after local anesthesia has been administered) into the gum tissue that covers the bone of the jaw where the implants will be placed. The gum tissue is then peeled back to exspose the bone. Holes are drilled into the bone and the implants are screwed into the holes. The gum tissue is then sutured back over the bone and the implants. The sutures are usually removed about ten days later.
Flapless Dental Implant Surgery: After local anesthesia is administered, a drill is used to pierce the gum tissue and make the hole in the bone to receive the implant. The implant is placed in the hole and the procedure is finished. There are no sutures.
Bone Height: When placing an implant, your dentist will look closely at the height of bone in that area. What he is evaluating is the amount of bone from where he starts to place the implant to any anatomical structure that will limit the placement of an implant. For instance, in the back of the upper jaw, the Sinus limits the placement of implants because it is just an air filled sack and will do nothing to support the implant. If we have 10mm of bone over the sinus, we can place an implant that is 10mm in length into that site.
Bone Width: The average implant is 4mm in diameter. The minimum width of bone necessary to properly support an implant is 6mm allowing for 1mm of bone around the implant.
Bone Perforation: This is when the implant pierces the bone and goes out into the soft tissue of the mouth. This usualy occurs in thin bone or when the implant is placed into the bone at an improper angle.